More than twelve years ago, paper industry professionals said that Rolland had lost its mind. In 2004, we launched a recycled copy paper that many claimed customers would not buy. Today, that paper – Rolland Enviro – represents more than half of our production. So, how did Rolland become convinced it was on the right track? With environmental studies, such as the Life Cycle Assessments (LCA).
Mark W. Rosegrant, Director of the Environment and Production Technology Division at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), speaks on the sidelines of the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), held on 16 November 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco. Now in its sixth installment, the Forum is undergoing a transformation, from focusing on policy advice to implementing […]
Bruce Cabarle, Team Leader at Partnerships for Forests, speaks on the sidelines of the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), held on 16 November 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco. Now in its sixth installment, the Forum is undergoing a transformation, from focusing on policy advice to implementing action on the ground and tracking progress toward new climate and […]
Sarah Lake, Head of the Drivers of Deforestation Program at Global Canopy Program (GCP), speaks on the sidelines of the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), held on 16 November 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco. Now in its sixth installment, the Forum is undergoing a transformation, from focusing on policy advice to implementing action on the ground and […]
Nazir Foead, Head of Indonesia’s Peatland Restoration Agency, speaks on the sidelines of the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), held on 16 November 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco. Now in its sixth installment, the Forum is undergoing a transformation, from focusing on policy advice to implementing action on the ground and tracking progress toward new climate and […]
Louis Verchot, Director of the Soils Research Area at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), speaks on the sidelines of the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), held on 16 November 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco. Now in its sixth installment, the Forum is undergoing a transformation, from focusing on policy advice to implementing action on the […]
Presented by Terry Sunderland, Team Leader Sustainable Landscapes and Food at Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Bogor, 27 September 2016 Source: CIFOR presentations Sustainable landscapes and food systems from Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
The post Sustainable landscapes and food systems appeared first on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.
Authors: Wilkie, D.S.; Wieland, M.; Boulet, H.; Le Bel, S.; Van Vliet, N.; Cornelis, D.; BriacWarnon, V.;Nasi, R.; Fa, J.E. In Africa, overhunting of tropical wildlife for food remains an intractable issue. Donors and governments remain committed to invest in efforts to both conserve and allow the sustainable use of wildlife. Four principal barriers need to be overcome: (i) communities […]
The post Eating and conserving bushmeat in Africa appeared first on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.
Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, 7th December 2016—First profiled through TRAFFIC’s work on birds threatened by demand for the cagebird trade, a number of Southeast Asian birds are now perched in higher categories of threat in the latest update of the IUCN Red List released today.
Five priceless Serbian Spruces have been dug up by thieves from a woodland reserve in Perth, Scotland to sell as Christmas trees, it is believed. Source: Telegraph UK The endangered Serbian Spruces were taken from Kinnoull Hill Woodland Park by thieves using garden forks. During the theft the thieves damaged the roots of the trees and have killed them. The Serbian Spruces are so rare, the team from Forest Enterprise Scotland (FES) had to undertake an expedition to Bosnia to obtain seeds to attempt to grow them in Perth, the only place in the UK they are grown. There are now only a few remaining trees at a secret location. The one metre tall young trees, also called Picea omorika, were a priceless component of the Perth and Kinross Countryside Trust’s (PKCT) Big Tree Country Conifer Conservation Programme at Kinnoull Hill Woodland Park. Robin Lofthouse, Forest Enterprise Scotland’s Beat Forester, who looks after Kinnoull Hill, said: “At a time when biodiversity around the world is increasingly under pressure, projects such as this play an invaluable part in conserving genetic material. “This pointless theft is extremely frustrating not just because of the loss but because the trees are likely to have been killed: the thief had tried to dig them up but left most of the roots in the ground. “Sadly, we are now in the situation where we are forced to look at where we could site cameras to protect other species in the project. “I would urge anyone with any information about this crime to contact Tayside police, or the local Forest Enterprise Scotland office.” Tom Christian, PKCT Project Officer, said the trees, which grow to up 30 metres tall, are irreplaceable as there is no way to recover the missing genetic material. “The climate and landscape of Perthshire are ideal for growing conifers and the area provides a very important safe haven for rare and endangered species from around the world,” he said. “Each Conifer Conservation Programme tree is grown from seed that has been specially collected from its native habitat. “Each tree represents years of work organising expeditions, processing the collected seeds, growing them on and then planting them in Perthshire. “Until these trees were stolen, we probably had the greatest concentration of these trees outside of their native range.” The PKCT Conservation Programme is part of the world-leading International Conifer Conservation Programme (ICCP) based at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. The ICCP works in partnership with PKCT to conserve specimens of conifer species that are at risk of extinction in their native range. The PKCT said it will be at least six years before the team can raise the funding for another expedition to gather the rare seeds.
A scathing investigation report released by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) details systematic illegal timber sourcing by one of Europe’s largest timber processors, the Austrian firm Holzindustrie Schweighofer. Source: Business Wire FSC’s 110-page report, produced by a panel of experts over nearly one year, states that Schweighofer “developed a culture” that incentivized illegal timber sourcing by putting cheap wood above legality in their sourcing of logs in Romania. FSC’s Board of Directors refused to accept the panel’s recommendation that Schweighofer lose its FSC status, instead putting the company on a three-month probation, which allows products to continue to be sold under the FSC label. The FSC’s comprehensive investigation responded to a complaint by the World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) Germany, based largely on the findings published by EIA in the October 2015 report Stealing the Last Forests. The FSC’s expert panel confirms the wealth of evidence of illegal timber sourcing levelled against Schweighofer by EIA, other NGOs, investigative journalists, and the Romanian Government. On page 73 of the report, the FSC panel describes “clear and convincing evidence” that among other things, Schweighofer: Purchased illegal timber; Has an inadequate due diligence system for assessing the legality of its timber purchases; Has “itself violated several laws and regulations” in its timber sourcing; Sourced timber from stolen forests; Continues to associate with “individuals and companies with criminal and corrupt backgrounds; Developed a bonus system that encourages illegal logging. The FSC panel recommended that Schweighofer be disassociated from the FSC, and further that the company “make appropriate environmental and social compensation for the damages it has caused to the Romanian forest and its people as a whole.” Despite these findings, the FSC decided to ignore the panel’s recommendations. “It is now unfortunately clear that the FSC logo is used to launder illegal wood,” said Alexander von Bismarck, Executive Director of EIA. “It is all the more shocking that the FSC come to this conclusion itself, and yet allows it to continue.” In April, 2015, EIA released an undercover video showing Schweighofer’s main sourcing officials in Romania repeatedly accepting offers of illegal wood. EIA’s October 2015 report Stealing the Last Forests documented numerous cases in which Schweighofer had received illegally logged timber. Schweighofer is selling its wood products to clients around the globe, including Japan, the United States and the European Union. “Now that the FSC has come to the same conclusion as EIA that Schweighofer’s products are filled with illegal wood, customers in Europe, Japan, and elsewhere must immediately stop buying from this company if they want to avoid breaking various laws around the world prohibiting the trade in stolen wood,” said Mr von Bismarck. A new investigation conducted by EIA in September 2016, shows that Schweighofer continues to buy and sell illegal wood. In a series of short videos, EIA documents illegalities linked to trucks that investigators witnessed delivering logs to Schweighofer’s Romanian sawmills. “Companies seeking to comply with the EU Timber Regulation and the US Lacey Act have been looking to FSC certification for assistance,” said Mr von Bismarck. “The FSC’s choice to certify illegal timber makes it clear this is currently not a good idea.”
A Papua New Guinean villager’s six-year battle to stop logging around his home has won him an international human rights award and given him the chance to lobby the United States Government for help. Source: ABC Radio AustralIa Paul Pavol travelled to New York and Washington DC to see politicians and foreign policy staff. He was flown to the US to receive the Alexander Soros Foundation Award, which recognises human rights and environmental advocates. The foundation’s patron, philanthropist Alexander Soros, said Mr Pavol had won for his efforts to stop logging around his home village of Mu in East New Britain province. “When you think about the environmental movement, the face you think of would mostly be Hollywood celebrities, and the purpose we have here is to put the face of the people who are actually doing the work and risking their lives,” Mr Soros said. “Paul is receiving this year’s award because he has never given up his fight, despite the obstacles against him. “We hope that this award provides him with some leverage to bring back the rule of law and justice to his home.” Six years ago, the giant Malaysian forestry company Rimbunan Hijau (RH) began clearing the area and planting oil palm. “The last six years — very, very terrible,” Mr Pavol said. “They’ve cleared the forest already, they replanted with oil palm, they’ve constructed a mill, they’ve built roads, infrastructure that can benefit themselves and that’s it.” Mr Pavol has been opposing the development, arranging public meetings and protests. He said the landowner companies, which leased the forest to RH for 99 years, did so fraudulently using the signatures of dead people, children and those living outside the district on their approval forms. “It does not come in the right way. It contains fraud, forgery, misleading information,” Mr Pavol said. “There is big corruption in these such things so we cannot just sit down.” John Parulria, the chairman of the umbrella company for the landowner groups Memalo Holdings, denied the fraud allegations and said only a small number of people oppose the leases. “Fraudulent, that is the wrong term to use, I deny that,” he said. “There were some people who were anti-development and even now, people are still anti-development. “They do not want any change to the lives of people.” Mr Parulria said the company had obtained the informed consent of landowners before agreeing to the development. “Initially there was a number of awareness [meetings] taken across the board based on the cries of the people for development since people felt that the area was neglected by the Government for too long,” he said. “The people accepted the idea for development.” The company logging the area and developing oil palm plantations, Rimbunan Hijau, is one of the biggest operating in Papua New Guinea. RH, as it is known, no longer just works in the forestry sector. It owns a national newspaper, a transport company, and just opened a $160 million hotel in Port Moresby. RH said its Pomio development, like its hotel, is a landmark investment that will bring hundreds of millions of dollars in benefits to communities and employ 4000 people. “It is progressive and it is steadily positive because it is now changing and bringing change to that area,” said Kanawi Pouru, the former managing director of Papua New Guinea’s Forest Authority. He recently audited the Pomio project for Rimbunan Hijau. “During the one month I was there working through with them, no-one was standing up to say ‘we don’t want the project’.” Rimbunan Hijau said it complies with all laws and regulations and has no concerns about alleged fraud committed by the landowner companies who leased it the land. “That is a matter for the Lands Department, for the landowners to answer, it’s not for the investor,” Mr Pouru said. “I don’t think it is their duty to go down and do a due diligence on whether every landowner signed.” There are dozens of other projects around PNG that conduct logging under a lease for agricultural development, called a Special Agricultural Business Lease (SABL). ‘We had everything we needed’ Some landowners have successfully opposed such logging in court. The Turubu project, one of PNG’s largest, has been found to be illegal. The National Court said its operators failed to get proper consent and imposed “oppressive” lease conditions on unwitting landowners. It is not an isolated case, with a Commission of Inquiry into the SABLs identifying similar problems across the country. The commissioners found negligence by PNG’s Lands Department in checking landowner approvals. “In some instances landowners’ signatures were forged,” the Department said. “In another shocking instance signatures of minors and deceased clan members were ‘procured’.” PNG’s Prime Minister Peter O’Neill recently announced all SABLs would be cancelled. “Instructions have gone out to the Department of Lands to cancel every SABL,” he said. “We’ve stated very clearly — cancel everything.” But the instruction does not rule out further logging on the leases. “They can go and reapply, they can go and reapply through the normal Land Act provisions that are there,” Mr O’Neill said. Mr Pavol said he will not give up the fight. “The land is our mother and before it was stolen, we were very rich,” he said. “We had everything we needed. Our land provided us food and water, protein, building materials, medicines, beauty, warmth and everything else. “We were promised developments, we promised jobs, service, money. We never wanted these to happen, we were never asked. “Money cannot buy any of the things our land provided for us.”
Increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere look likely to benefit some plants more than others, Rangitikei farmer and forester Denis Hocking says. Sources: New Zealand Herald, Wanganui Chronicle In temperate climates like New Zealand’s, it’s looking as though forestry species like pines and eucalypts will benefit, while pasture grasses will not. It appears the extra CO2 only helps if no other nutrients are lacking. Mr Hocking has been reading about soil fungi in the journal Science, and says these virtually invisible life forms seem to be flavour of the month. Less than 10% of the New Zealand species have been identified. But collectively soil fungi are becoming better known, and more talked of, like the many microbes in the human gut. Studies have found that some plants grow faster in an atmosphere with more CO2 , and keep growing faster. Others grow faster, but only for a while. Some don’t grow faster at all. What’s common to those that show sustained and increased growth is the presence of particular species of soil fungi coating the outside of their small roots. They’re called ectomicorrhizal fungi. Pines, douglas fir and eucalypts have them, and they can be visible as a white coating on fine roots. It seems these fungi spread out into the surrounding soil and pick up water and nutrients, especially nitrogen, to contribute to the trees. It’s a symbiotic relationship – they get carbohydrates in return. New Zealand’s plantation forestry and indigenous forests tend to be on poorer soils. The fungi help them survive there. Pines, douglas fir and eucalypts could all grow faster under the higher CO2 already happening with climate change. There is also evidence that ectomicorrhizal fungi spread substances between trees, even between trees of different species provided they have the same fungi. The presence of these fungi has added credence to organic growing theory, Mr Hocking said. New Zealand’s indigenous manuka, kanuka and beech – which grow in low-fertility soils – all have ectomicorrhizal fungi. Other indigenous plants and grasses may not have them. Pasture plants have different fungi, which penetrate into their roots but are not so good at contributing nitrogen. They may be better at adding phosphorous, the nutrient most likely to be lacking in tropical soils. There’s plenty more to be known about the role of soil fungi, Mr Hocking says. “There is a lot going on under our feet.”
Timber suppliers Narangba Timbers in Brisbane reveal how proposed changes in the forestry industry could affect all aspects of the timber industry. Source: Timberbiz In 2014, the Australian Government established a group of forestry and timber industry insiders called the Forest Industry Advisory Council (FIAC). The purpose was to assemble a talented cross-section of people from within the industry with different points of view to advise the Government on how to enhance the forestry and timber industries in Australia. In June 2016, the FIAC concluded two years of study by releasing a report called “Transforming Australia’s Forestry Industry.” The report offers a comprehensive plan on how to triple the products and revenue generated by the Australian forestry industry by 2050. Jack Kyle is the owner of Narangba Timbers recently, on his company blog, Mr Kyle provided his concise summary of the report. The FIAC recommends three main objectives for growing the forestry industry. The first is to have “the right trees in the right places in the right scale.” Strategies for accomplishing this include preserving what is called the “productive forest estate” by rolling over all of the 20-year Regional Forestry Agreements or RFAs. Another strategy is for the Government to use the same regional approach that the forestry professionals have been using to create policy and to expand regional hubs. The second main objective is to use every possible part of every single tree, down to what they call a “cellular level,” to produce forestry products. According to Mr Kyle this can be accomplished by having the Government spend $40 million to establish a National Institute for Forest Products Innovation and government funds can help develop technologies and help bring new products to market. The third main objective is to become even more environmentally friendly, publicise it and become more valued by “the community.” This would include establishing standards, “report cards,” certification and making sure Australia gains a worldwide reputation for ethically sourced, high quality timber products. Mr Kyle said that while he doesn’t necessarily agree with every recommendation word for word, he agrees wholeheartedly with the spirit of the report. “We look forward to watching our industry grow and helping in any way we can.”
What kind of Christmas present shows a loved one you care, creates a lasting memento and benefits generation after generation? Don’t be stumped, or bark up the wrong tree, or ‘bough’ to big brand pressure this Christmas. Source: Scoop NZ According to the Native Forest Restoration Trust it’s time to branch out, go out on a limb and choose a gift that keeps on giving. The Native Forest Restoration Trust is calling on people to celebrate this festive season with one of its ‘tree-mendous’ gift ideas – and help regenerate New Zealand’s precious natural habitats. For just $25 you can dedicate a tree in a native forest to someone, or even twin it with your Christmas tree at home. A small grove of native trees can be dedicated for $100. In return, you will receive a certificate, personalised with your own message, to confirm your dedication. You will be told exactly which nature reserve you are supporting. You will also be sent regular updates from the Trust, so you can see the difference your support makes. “Most importantly, you will know you have played a part in restoring the indigenous forest on which so much depends – now and in the future,” says Trust Manager Sandy Crichton. “Our children, and our children’s children, will be able to see the beauty of these forests, appreciate the wildlife they shelter, and enjoy a healthier environment. As the trees grow, they will remove carbon from the atmosphere and help combat climate change.” Since its beginning in 1980 the Trust has acquired and protected more than 7000 hectares of native forest and wetland, creating nature reserves throughout the North and South Islands. Each is permanently protected by covenant through the Queen Elizabeth II Trust.
New Zealand’s forestry sector can expect to see the current strong market continuing long term, fuelled by the ongoing demand from Asia. Source: New Zealand Herald, Wanganui Chronicle New Zealand export log prices rose for a third straight month in November, pushed along by low shipping rates and demand from China, the country’s largest export market. An AgriHQ survey of exporters, forest owners and sawmillers said the forestry industry was continuing to enjoy a spell, which has regularly been described as the strongest in at least 20 years. And the data has been backed up by Marcus Musson a director of Forest Owners Marketing Service Ltd (FOMS). Mr Musson’s company provides harvesting and marketing services to private forest owners across the North Island and he said the returns for owners had been the most stable the market had seen since 2013. He said historically there was a sharp price correction following Chinese New Year celebrations in February when log inventory levels in China reached levels exceeding 4 million cubic metres. Usually there was something like 50,000 cubic metres of logs and lumber landing in China each day during the holiday period, “a time which basically has zero demand for between two and four weeks”. But this year there were fewer logs and less lumber entering Chinese ports during the holiday period and, as a result, there wasn’t the usual over-supply. Prices had also been bolstered by continued low shipping rates over the past 12 months and a foreign exchange rate that favoured New Zealand. “This is also coupled with a reduction in Chinese domestic harvest due to continued issues with erosion and water quality as a result of deforestation across the country. The Chinese domestic harvest supplies about 60% of the 66 million cubic metres used in China annually,” Mr Musson said. “We expect some further increases in cost of freight rates in December in response to the recent earthquake and the damage to the Wellington port. The earthquake was front-page news in China and buyers are worried about supply stability from the region,” he said. Prices had been kicked on by a buoyant construction market with most sawmills experiencing low log inventories. “This isn’t so much an issue of a supply reduction to these mills but rather an increase in their production in response to demand for lumber.” Mr Musson expected the forest sector to continue to provide forest owners with healthy returns. He said it was a view supported by the number of Chinese buyers looking for forest investments here. “Many of these buyers are looking for a stable fibre source which has a very wide range of uses from packaging to furniture. Our radiata pine is well received in China due to its versatility and consistency of quality and supply,” he said. Forest products are New Zealand’s third-largest commodity export group behind dairy and meat.
Higher revenue from an improved woodchip market and a lower dollar has boosted profits at Albany Plantation Export Company, WA Plantation Resources and Bunbury Fibre Exports. Source: Business News Revenue at Bunbury-headquartered WA Plantation Resources was 23.2% higher at $81.3 million in the year to December 2015, according to the company’s annual report. Exports of Karri timber were up by around 26,000 tonnes on a slightly lower price, while Globulus timber volumes remained steady as the price increased $20. That took WA Plantation Resources to a $8.9 million after-tax profit, up from an $824,000 loss in the previous period. The company declared a $2.3 million special dividend in January. Japanese business Marubeni Corporation is the owner of WA Plantation Resources. Revenue was also up at Albany Plantation Export Company, increasing around 48.6% to $78.6 million in the year to March 2016. Processing costs were higher, up from $39.4 million to $57.6 million, with profit rising from $1.7 million to $6.5 million. Albany paid a $7 million dividend in May, with two Japan-based shareholders, trading house Itochu Corporation and Oji Paper Company, the beneficiaries. At Bunbury Fibre Exports, which has a March reporting date, revenue was $84.2 million, slightly higher than $80.9 million in the corresponding previous period. The company operates a mill at the Port of Bunbury and buys wood from local growers. After tax profit was also up slightly, from $3 million to $4 million. After not declaring a 2015 dividend, Bunbury returned $3 million to shareholders for the 2016 financial year. It is controlled by Japan’s Mitsui & Company.
Plans to build a new wood processing facility at Ngawha in Northland have been put on ice by Northland Inc, New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and the Ministry for Primary Industries. Source: Scoop NZ It follows the publication of a study into the potential project by independent consultants Indufor, which looked at the local impact, resource availability and market demand for an integrated sawmill and mechanical pulp mill at Ngawha. Dr David Wilson, CEO of Northland Inc, argued the decision not to proceed is the right one. “While the study does identify potential, we have decided not to continue with further investigations at this stage. This is in part due to uncertainties arising from the Electricity Authority’s Transmission Pricing Methodology review and because of concerns raised by industry that need to be addressed,” he said. The Electricity Authority’s review is considering the allocation of transmission costs and in May this year proposed raising the cost of bills in Auckland and Northland, to reflect the benefits of recent grid updates. Indufor’s report argued a mill would benefit the region through the provision of new jobs, and subsequent economic benefits, would not compete with existing wood processors and reduce heavy log traffic through the region. It also said there was sufficient resource in the area to develop the industry, The report did note that some entities argued the project should be broadened to include other aspects such as the supply chain, integration of resources and collectivisation concepts. The authors note, “the sentiments indicate that any tangible development of a new wood processing facility (whatever the mill concept) should be considered in the context of the aspirations and desires of Northland’s forest resource owners.”
CPAWS welcomes today’s announcement from the Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Catherine McKenna, regarding their intent to hold a Minister’s Round Table on Parks Canada in January 2017. These public consultation sessions across Canada will serve to gather input on how Parks Canada is delivering on their mandate of creating and managing national parks, national marine conservation areas and other sites they manage, as well as to discuss the future of these treasured places. This is a new, more inclusive approach to delivering on the Minister’s legal requirement to host a Round Table at least every two years on Parks Canada’s performance in managing our national parks and other sites.