Environment, Carbon and Forests
Finding links between child nutrition and the proximity of children to dense forests. Source: CIFOR presentations
Presented by Terry Sunderland Source: CIFOR presentations
The post Integrated Landscape Approaches: A systematic map of the evidence appeared first on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.
By G Kundhlande and BI Nyoka, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). What drives changes in the density of trees on farms in Malawi and what are the benefits? Landscape Restoration in Southern Africa from World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
By Leona Liu, originally published at Forests News We need to care about rural women. For one, they comprise a quarter of the world’s population. In developing countries, they make up almost half of the agricultural labor force, and are responsible for producing and preparing food for their families. They are the lynchpin of global food security. With 76 per […]
The post Rural women across the globe: Linking livelihoods and landscapes appeared first on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.
Certification of forest watershed services: A Q methodology analysis of opportunities and challenges in Lombok, Indonesia
Authors: Wanggi Jaung; Putzel, L.; Bull, G.Q.; Kozak, R.; Markum This study examines opportunities and challenges of applying certification of forest watershed services to a payment for watershed services (PWS) scheme. The certification has potential to mitigate the problem of incomplete information in a PWS scheme, but necessary enabling conditions remain untested, including stakeholder support. To examine stakeholder perspectives, Q […]
By CIFOR, originally published at CIFOR’s Forests News CIFOR: What kind of research are you carrying out on nutrition and landscapes? Amy Ickowitz: Our research started by looking at the relationship between forests and diets. We linked a a very large demographic health data set with information on diets — with data on more than 90,000 children under five —from […]
According to FAO, year 2014 was very successful in global production of all major wood products. Since the global economic downturn of 2008-2009, all major forest products exceeded levels seen prior to economic crisis. Thais Linhares-Juvenal, head of the FAO’s Forest Economics and Statistics Team, said: “Wood industries were among the hardest hit by the recent global economic downturn in 2008-2009. We are seeing now the highest growth of the global wood industries in the last five years, which is important to national economies and theContinue reading
When future generations look back at our time, will they be filled with awe at how we came together to transform our way of life to be regenerative? Or will they look back with confusion and anger, wondering how we knew about the problem but did not address it? This question fuels me. I long […]
Imagine if someone built two giant coal-fired power plants right next to the last livable place in your country. How terrible would this be?
That is what the Bangladesh government is planning to do near the Sundarbans, the largest intact mangrove forest on Earth -- and the only sizeable mangrove area left for the globally endangered Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) -- which likely numbers less than 2,500 animals alive today.
The mangrove forests of the Sundarbans (in green) in southwestern Bangladesh and the bordering area of India.
The Bengal Tigers and their mangrove habitats in the Sundarbans are now under imminent threat. The Bangladesh government has recently signed a $1.7 billion agreement with an Indian corporation, Bharat Heavy Electrics, to build the massive Rampal coal-fired power plant.
Comprising two giant coal-fired generators just a dozen or so kilometers from the Sundarbans, the power plant will degrade the environment via air pollution and fly ash, unregulated increased resource extraction, road and infrastructure expansion, and the risk of spillage of coal and its by-products on site and during transportation.
Dirty energy -- coal-fired generating plants are among the biggest global sources of greenhouse gases.
This proposed development has raised the ire of civil society, many scientists, and global conservation groups (see here and here). Both UNESCO and the IUCN have urged the Bangladesh government to move the power plant to another suitable area to limit its environmental threats to the Sundarbans.
So great are such perils that the government of Sri Lanka cancelled an agreement with the same Indian corporation to build a similar but smaller coal-fired power plant in its eastern port city of Trincomalee, largely because of concerns about the environmental threats it posed.A Sanctuary for Nature and People
In addition to providing critical habitat for Bengal Tigers, the Sundarbans harbor many other rare or endangered species, such as the Estuarine Crocodile, Indian Python, and the Ganges and Irrawaddy Dolphins.
Irrawaddy Dolphin -- the "smiling dolphin" found today in only scattered coastal and freshwater areas in Southeast Asia.
Moreover, more than one million local people depend on natural resources from the Sundarbans to sustain their livelihoods -- and rely on this natural barrier for protection against calamities such as destructive tropical monsoons and tsunamis.
The Sundarbans is already facing threats from climate change and local human-caused disasters. But one thing is for certain, the proposed coal-fired power plant would further imperil Earth's last remaining mangrove habitat for Bengal Tigers and other rare wildlife.
21 Oct 2016 : The United Nations Committee on Food Security (CFS) (1), adopted a set of recommendations at its annual meeting in Rome this week that emphasize the need to address the impacts of unsustainable meat and dairy production on deforestation, land grabbing, and food security.
These recommendations are welcomed by the Global Forest Coalition (2), and other civil society organizations that had advocated for them (3). They particularly welcomed recommendations related to the rights of women working in the livestock ...
The post UN Recognizes Meat Production’s Impact on Deforestation and Land Grabbing appeared first on Global Forest Coalition.
By Peter Veit and Helen Ding, originally published on World Resources Institute Indigenous Peoples and other communities hold and manage 50 to 65 percent of the world’s land, yetgovernments recognize only 10 percent as legally belonging to these groups, with another 8 percent designated by governments for communities. That’s bad economic policy. WRI’s new report, […]
By Sander Van de Moortel, originally posted at ICRAF’s Agroforestry World Blog Visitors from all over Indonesia flock to small villages in Southeast Sulawesi that have found ways to increase their profits while reducing environmental impact. The villagers are keen to share their knowledge. The occupants of the car brace themselves as it suddenly swerves left, off the safe asphalt […]
A new report on “Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation” has been recently published by the European Forest Institute (EFI) within EFI´s “From Science to Policy” series.
Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation
“World leaders finalized a historic global agreement to combat climate change in Paris in December 2015. They agreed on the need for global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to peak as soon as possible; to achieve GHG neutrality in the second half of this century; and to hold global warming well below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels.”
“A key issue in the debate about the climate impacts of bioenergy is the question of ‘carbon neutrality’: bioenergy systems can influence the cycling of biogenic carbon between the biosphere and atmosphere, but studies sometimes disregard this when estimating GHG balances. In other words they assume that bioenergy systems can be considered neutral in regard to the biosphere-atmosphere CO2 flows.”
“This report provides insights into the current scientific debate on forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation. Its objective is to provide a balanced and policy-relevant synthesis on the issue, taking into account EU and global perspectives. Other societal objectives and interests are briefly touched upon but the focus is on climate change mitigation.”
The link to the series on EFI pages can be found here.
The link directly to the report can be found here.
How Adaptive Collaborative Management is transforming the landscape in Uganda
Title of presentation: Once, there was a lake About the presentation: Any change that happens in natural landscapes also affects and transforms social and cultural norms, and power and gender relations. This message is illustrated in the form of a story about Houria’s findings while working in Northern Mali; where the daily livelihoods of a […]