Country needs assessment: A report on REDD+ readiness among UN-REDD Programme and Forest Carbon Partnership facility
A country needs assessment on REDD+ was commissioned by the UN-REDD Programme following a decision of its Policy Board that such an assessment be conducted to enable it to review its policies and align the Programme’s support with the priority needs of countries. In the process, the FCPF of the World Bank also joined the UN-REDD Programme to co-sponsor the country needs assessment exercise.
In line with that decision, an initial team of three independent consultants was recruited to start the exercise. The first part of the exercise focused on the development of a methodology, which was approved in March 2012 at a joint meeting of the Policy Board and the Participants Committee of the UN-REDD Programme and FCPF, respectively. The methodology was largely based on a matrix of the key components of REDD+ as defined at the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Cancun. All components except that on reference scenario have sub-components that are shown in the results section. The methodology was developed in close cooperation with the secretariats of both the FCPF and the UNREDD Programme, as well as a Working Group, which comprised members of the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board, to advise and oversee the process. The collection of data and information covered Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean and consisted of three key exercises that focused on the assessment of technical, institutional and financial needs of countries in completing Phases I and II of REDD+, as outlined in the Cancun Agreements and as defined by UNFCCC COP decisions.
Specifically, the country needs assessment process entailed the development of a methodology, which was formally approved, a desk assessment of country needs on REDD+, and a global needs assessment which used a response matrix and covered 22 countries, of which six were visited by the consultants for more in-depth treatment. The methodology used a framework based on the key REDD+ components as identified in the UNFCCC decisions, especially the Cancun Agreements, and which are the basis for the FCPF and UN-REDD Programme national templates. An additional component on transition to a development framework with REDD+ (green economy) was added. In the detailed response matrix, the components were sub-divided, where necessary, into sub-components and also into elements under each sub-component. These elements formed the basis for specific questions, which guided respondents in expressing their needs.
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